In another Twitter tirade, Barton also poured scorn on Jordan Henderson's call-up for the European Championship.
Barton, 29, will serve a 12-match ban at the start of next season after his sending-off against Manchester City on the final day of last season.
He elbowed Carlos Tevez before reacting to the red card by kicking Sergio Aguero and aiming a headbutt at Vincent Kompany.
England have lost several midfielders for Euro 2012, including key men Frank Lampard, Gareth Barry and Jack Wilshere.
Liverpool's Henderson was called into the squad as an injury replacement and Barton, who won one cap against Spain in 2007, wrote on Twitter: "Why are people giving me loads [of abuse] about England saying 'cant get in squad etc'.
"On ability I walk into the squad, on behaviour I don't... #fact.
"If Henderson got in, any Englishman not currently in the squad has to feel aggrieved. Yes, I wish I was there but I'm not...
"Everyone's thinking it I'll say it. Liverpool have an horrific season and have six players in our euro squad. What chance do we have. Pick on form.
"How [Grant] Holt, [Micah] Richards, [Michael] Carrick, [Rio] Ferdinand, [Leon] Osman, [Daniel] Sturridge etc never got involved is a travesty..."
He added: "I really hope England do well and win it, I really do. All am saying is a don't think we will and it p***es me off...
"If everyone stays fit, we've got a decent 11 once [Wayne] Rooney's back.
"If any of the keys players get a knock, we are done for. Three games in eight/nine days takes its toll on the body.
"If a few are carrying injuries from a long domestic season, it will show. Not being pessimistic just a realist.
"I am overqualified to pass judgement on this. Not only have I played in the Premier League for 10 years but I've played with and against most of them."
The Liverpool 2013/14 soccer jersey is available for pre-order. The Reds are eager to compete for silver next season.
Chelsea won the Europa League on Wednesday. The Blues defeated Benfica 2-1 on injury time goal from Ivanovic.
Bayern Munich are kings of Germany and hope to be crowned kings of Europe at Wembley later this month!
Borussia Dortmund hears Wembley Calling and are headed to London for the Champions League final.
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The Juventus jersey for the 2013/14 was released earlier this week. Be the first to wear the colors of the Old Lady.
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