Liverpool won the competition - then called the Carling Cup - in the season just concluded, beating Cardiff 3-2 on penalties at Wembley in February.
The value of the new sponsorship deal with the credit card company was not disclosed.
Football League chief commercial officer Richard Heaselgrave said: "This is terrific news for clubs and a great way to conclude what has been a memorable domestic football season...
"The Capital One Cup is in great shape having been re-invigorated in recent seasons by a number of memorable finals, some thrilling midweek cup football and a first glimpse of the stars of the future."
The draw for the first round of the rebranded competition will be made on June 14th, with the final scheduled to take place at Wembley on February 24.
Barcelona will wear this new home soccer jersey next season. They also have a new away jersey. Get them both.
Manchester City will try and win back the Premier League title with this new soccer jersey from Nike!
Support the USA national team with an official 2013 Centennial soccer jersey from Nike. Its Official.
England will debut their new away jersey against Brazil at the Maracana Stadium on Sunday. Get in the Gear
Neymar's move from Santos to Barcelona is no doubt the biggest summer transfer.
Jamaica is in need of a win against the U.S. Get the jersey of the Reggae Boyz.
The USA will wear their blue away jersey against Jamaica in their World Cup qualifier on Friday night.
Germany is one of the top teams ever and they will play the US on Sunday.
The adidas Nitrocharge is the most talked about new cleat in years. It was released on May 15 and will take your pitch by storm.
The hoop soccer jersey is classic and cool. The USA hooped jersey is perfect for every fan. Get in the Gear.